A beneficiary of EU Structural Funds that violates procedures and has to repay the funding because of a failure by Polish state authorities to implement EU regulations properly may seek damages from the State Treasury.
If a price offer submitted by a contractor is grossly low, the contracting authority is first required to demand an explanation from the contractor. If the suspicion of underbidding is confirmed, the bid must then be rejected.
Not all companies financed or supervised by public finance units, managed by public appointees or majority-owned by the Polish State Treasury have to award contracts under the procedures established by the Public Procurement Law.
When a contracting authority issues an additional order, may it use an annex to the main contract, or does it have to enter into a new contract?
Interview with Paweł Mazur, an adwokat of counsel at Wardyński & Partners.
Polish cities and regions more and more often decide to promote themselves. Local and regional governments may hire advertising agencies for this purpose, but procurement of marketing services does not necessarily require organising a tender.