litigation

How long is a bank liable for the act of an employee?

If bank staff commit an offence to the detriment of a bank customer, the bank is liable for failure to supervise the employee.

Is it legal to use someone else’s trademark in Internet advertising?

Use of other people’s trademarks as keywords may constitute trademark infringement if it is done without consent of the holder and the advertising steered to by the keywords may suggest legal or commercial ties between the advertiser and the holder.

Class actions

The Act on Enforcement of Claims in a Group Proceeding went into effect on 19 July 2010. The act introduces the institution of the class action, not previously recognised under Polish law.

May products be marked with national symbols?

Polish national symbols, such as the coat of arms (a white eagle with a golden crown on a red background), the red and white flag, and the national anthem (Dąbrowski’s Mazurka), enjoy special legal protection.

A DNA sequence alone does not merit patent protection

The holder of a patent may not prohibit trade in products containing a patented DNA sequence if the sequence does not perform the function for which it was patented.

Someone else’s trademark in a domain name?

Internet domain names should be registered in a way that respects prior rights.