Litigation and law in Poland

Agency, distribution, franchising

Agency agreements are regulated by civil law in Poland, establishing a model agency agreement with certain guarantees to the agent, regarded as the weaker contractual party. The Civil Code in this regard implements relevant provisions of the EU’s Commercial Agents Directive. Claims under an agency […]


There are two stages in energy regulatory proceedings: The first stage, which takes place before the President of the Energy Regulatory Office in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Code The second stage, in which appeals against decisions and orders of the President of the Energy […]


Regulated activity Production and trade in pharmaceuticals are a domain of administrative law, in particular the Pharmaceutical Law of 6 September 2001 and executive regulations. Polish regulations implement EU counterparts in this area. Production and trade in pharmaceuticals (wholesale and retail) require official authorisation. Entry […]


Infrastructure projects are conducted in the transport sector, involving motorways, rail lines, maritime transport and aviation. But infrastructure also includes construction of communications systems, energy projects such as wind farms, sewage and waste treatment facilities, water, electricity and gas installations, public use buildings, radio navigation […]

Concessions and public-private partnership

Concession for construction work or services The Construction Work or Services Concession Act of 9 January 2009 replaced the rules governing concessions for construction work previously included in the Public Procurement Law and introduced the concept of services concession. The concessions act created new possibilities […]


Production and sale of cosmetics in Poland are above all governed by the Cosmetics Act of 30 March 2001. To a large degree, Polish law implements the relevant European Union regulations. Production of cosmetics and introduction onto the market require compliance with applicable quality and […]