Criminal proceedings

Nature of criminal proceedings

Which courts examine criminal cases? Who conducts criminal proceedings? Who participates in criminal proceedings?


What is the status of the victim in criminal proceedings? What possibilities for action does the victim have in a criminal case? What duties does the victim have in a criminal case?


Who is the suspect? What are the suspect’s duties? What are the suspect’s rights? What preventive measures can be applied against the suspect?


What rights does the accused have? Can the accused file evidentiary motions, question a witness, or refuse to testify?

Course of criminal proceedings

How to file notification of a crime? What happens in the preparatory, main, appeal and enforcement proceedings?