A collective entity may not be held responsible for a crime committed by the members of its managerial authorities.
Direct payments to farmers are not “grants” but attempting to obtain them improperly may be punishable as fraud
The Polish Supreme Court has held that payments under the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy are a form of financial support, and an attempt to obtain the payments under false pretences is a form of “capital fraud” under the Polish Penal Code.
There are now more acts against the environment punishable as crimes. In some cases members of the management board of a company may be held responsible.
Dominika Stępińska-Duch and Janusz Tomczak: When should a law-abiding company seek advice from a criminal lawyer?
Litigation Portal: Why would a business need to be concerned at all about criminal law?
The current regulations practically prevent filing an interlocutory appeal against the justification for an order issued by a Polish court during a criminal trial. The Ombudsman has requested the Minister of Justice to look into this issue.