Supreme Administrative Court
The touchstone for determining liability for contamination of the earth or soil is the Act on Preventing and Remediating Harm to the Environment. But not every contamination will result in liability under the act.
The Polish Supreme Administrative Court has confirmed that a person objecting to a decision to register a trademark under Art. 246 of the Industrial Property Law need not demonstrate a legal or factual interest in the matter.
In specific instances, a decision granting a building permit may be issued even after construction has been completed and the building has already been delivered for occupancy.
An environmental decision is not a basis for commencing implementation of a development project, and thus it does not entail a threat of significant harm or irreversible effects that would justify a stay of enforcement.
Polish national symbols, such as the coat of arms (a white eagle with a golden crown on a red background), the red and white flag, and the national anthem (Dąbrowski’s Mazurka), enjoy special legal protection.