Krzysztof Libiszewski: articles by this author

Restrictions on business operations and personal freedoms relevant for business

In connection with the coronavirus epidemic, restrictions have been introduced on economic activity and personal freedoms which are unprecedented in the history of adoption and application of law in Poland since 1989. Even now it is evident that the coronavirus epidemic will touch on all sectors of the economy. The restrictions introduced so far have resulted in practically halting all activity in gastronomy, tourism, entertainment, and retail and services at shopping malls and large-format stores. [Update of 3 April 2020]

Will the simple stock company become the most popular corporate form in Poland?

In the current legal system, the regulations on types of companies, their bodies and manner of functioning, liability for the company’s obligations, and protection of creditors, derive in basically unaltered form from the Commercial Code of 1934. The 1990s saw the introduction of modern regulation of the capital market in Poland. The following decades led to adoption of the Commercial Companies Code, gradual harmonisation of corporate law with EU law, and introduction of regulations allowing the use of digital technology in the establishment of limited-liability companies and certain aspects of their functioning.

The simple stock company

Funkcjonowanie spółek handlowych podlega ograniczeniom płynącym ze sztywnego gorsetu przepisów Kodeksu spółek handlowych. Od 1 marca 2020 r. należy się spodziewać istotnych zmian w tym względzie. Prezydent właśnie podpisał ustawę o prostej spółce akcyjnej.

Legal actions of a “false” corporate body can be saved. But all of them?

On 1 March 2019, an important amendment to the Civil Code comes into force, providing for the possibility of validating actions by a “false” corporate body. Up to now, such a possibility has applied only to actions by a “false” attorney-in-fact.

Transferring the registered office of a Polish company abroad does not require the company to be liquidated in Poland

The Court of Justice has ruled that under the EU principle of freedom of establishment, transfer of the registered office of a Polish company abroad within the European Economic Area cannot be conditioned on conducting liquidation of the company in Poland.

Conversion of debt to equity and sale of assets as mechanisms for restructuring public companies

Can public companies and others operating on a large scale and needing to restructure their debt take advantage of in-court restructuring using the mechanisms in the Restructuring Law?