Katarzyna Żukowska: articles by this author

Is it now time for employment contracts in electronic form?

As of 1 January 2019, amendments to the Labour Code came into force allowing employee files to be kept in electronic form. This raises the obvious question of whether employment contracts can be in electronic form as well.

New era for personal data protection

Work is underway on a General Data Protection Regulation for the EU. The changes expected in the new legislation will be important for outsourcing companies. Among the planned changes, there will be severe sanctions for violation of data protection regulations.

End of the Safe Harbour programme: What next?

The Court of Justice has issued a judgment invalidating the European Commission’s Safe Harbour decision. This means that participation in the Safe Harbour programme by US entities is no longer grounds for European companies to transfer personal data of EEA citizens to the United States.

New Council of Europe recommendation on processing of employee’s personal data in light of new technologies

The new recommendation on processing of data for purposes of employment is designed to meet challenges posed by greater digitisation.

Protection of personal data in internal investigations

Poland’s data protection regulations do not directly address internal investigations, but that does not mean they do not apply. In fact they can play a major role in drawing the line between lawful and unlawful investigative measures.

Settlement of overtime pay may take up to a year

Under the amended provisions of the Polish Labour Code, in effect since 23 August 2013, employers are now permitted to apply approaches to determining employees’ working time that are more flexible than under the previous law.