Karolina Kozłowska: articles by this author

Will the Hague Convention of 2019 improve the resolution of international disputes?

On 2 July 2019, at the Hague Conference on Private International Law, the conclusion of a new international convention was announced: the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters. It complements the 2005 Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements.

Challenges for insurers from the COVID-19 pandemic

The unstable economic situation connected with the COVID-19 pandemic is also impacting the insurance industry. Dependent on global phenomena and trends, the insurance market will soon have to face a new economic reality, develop appropriate solutions for clients, and prepare to defend against claims.

Force majeure and civil-procedure deadlines

Does the COVID-19 epidemic constitute force majeure interrupting the running of time limits on all claims? This is a vital issue for persons for whom time limits are expiring before entry into force of the planned statutory suspension of limitations periods.

Stores will combat the waste of food

According to recent estimates by FUSIONS (Food Use for Social Innovation by Optimising Waste Prevention Strategies), some 88 million tonnes of food is wasted every year in the European Union, and the related cost may be about EUR 143 billion. Although most food waste (c. 50%) occurs in households, distribution accounts for about 5%, or over 4 million tonnes of wasted food per year.

Cybersecurity for international arbitration

Cybersecurity Protocol for International Arbitration: Three international organisations—ICCA, the New York City Bar Association and CPR—are introducing best practice in protecting against cyber threats.