A year of merger bans?

10.02.2011

When defining the relevant market for the merger of Empik and Merlin, the Polish competition authority did not give sufficient consideration to the time factor.

How many transmission system operators in Poland?

10.02.2011

The Third European Energy Liberalisation Package permits the existence of multiple transmission system operators for electricity and gas. Under current Polish law, however, there has been only one operator for each system.

When individual packages or products must be marked with a price

03.02.2011

Is a seller free to decide whether or not to mark each package or item with a price, or is this a legal requirement? When is it alright to use a barcode instead of a price?

Construction contracts based on FIDIC standards

03.02.2011

Construction contracts, including those used in public procurement projects, are often based on FIDIC terms, which are international, universal and commonly applied.

Ombudsman comes to the defence of freelancers

27.01.2011

In execution proceedings, debtors who receive pay for their work on the basis of a contract to perform a specific assignment or create a specific work are treated worse than debtors who are paid a salary on the basis of an employment contract.

PGE will not acquire Energa

20.01.2011

Even though PGE argued that its acquisition of Energa would have positive effects, such as increased national energy security for Poland, the Polish competition authority found that any benefits would not outweigh the restrictions…